Author Archives: brooksbeddow


Interviewing is a major key in interviewing. Interviews can expand your understanding of a person or topic, and answer any questions that you have. Asking questions is very important in interviews. You should try to stay away from open-ended questions, as they can lead to boring and short answers. It is important to ask ‘why’ following questions. This can help elaborate the interviewee’s response and build a good story.

Being able to conduct a good interview is an important aspect of being a journalist. Some interviews require proper preparation. Asking the right questions can turn a bad interview into a quality one. Asking follow-up questions can broaden the interview and connect the dots.



In this chapter, we learn about microblogging and how Twitter has become a very common medium for microblogging. Twitter can be a great way for accessing news, politics, sports, and the latest trends with such ease. However, anyone can post anything on the website/app, and like that rest of the internet and blogging mediums, the information can’t always be verified. Also, since you can’t hear the voice of the person blogging, the tones of some posts can be taken the wrong way.

Twitter is a widely used medium for it’s many great features. For instance, the direct message (DM) feature can be used almost as an SMS. You can send messages, share tweets privately, and share multimedia among anyone that follows you or has the feature enabled. You can use the hashtaging feature to connect with certain topics or discussions. For instance, you can search #NLCS and catch up to see who is winning the series, read peoples opinions, or watch highlights.


Technology and human interface with technology continues to advance at alarming rates. We live in a world where anyone can access almost any information that is available to them in a matter of seconds. Most people rely on technology to access local and world news, allowing users to learn about events and watch them unravel in front of our eyes. Data collection can be used to record data and organizer them in spreadsheets to be used by the public.

We as humans are constantly sending and receiving data. Today, a lot of people use social media to receive news and share it themselves. With an increase in mobile smartphone users in the last few years, most news outlets have found a way to go mobile by making apps and having their own websites. Breaking news apps and websites use push notifications, email alerts, and news streams to reach users in a matter of seconds by using metadata. Metadata can help better inform people by allowing these outlets to give the exact locations and details of an incident.

The Current State of the MLB

Remember the 1980’s? Yeah, me either.

However, I remember my dad telling me about the League that he grew up watching. During the 1980’s, you couldn’t find a league leader with less than 60 stolen bases. In the ’80s there were six seasons in which players had more than 100 steals, six different players stole at least 80 bags, 11 stole more than 70, and 31 stole at least 50 in a season. Rickey Henderson set a single-season record with 130. That is unheard of in today’s game. In 2017, Whit Merrifield led the American League with just 34 bags, and in the National League, Dee Gordon led with 64 bags. Granted the National League is more aggressive offensively, these numbers are nowhere close to the likes of Ricky Henderson. Stolen bases per game in 1987 had doubled from 20 years earlier. The game began to be played faster. Teams were built around the stolen base, and the ‘hit-and-run’ technique began to be implemented by almost every team.

Baseball today is still fast and very exciting to watch. The league now is a stage full of the world’s biggest and best stars — absolute freaks of nature. But still, the game is still slower compared to the 80’s, and a decrease in stolen bases is one of the reasons.

There are plenty of factors that can be considered; better catching techniques and quicker pop times (time it takes the ball to leave the pitcher’s hand and hits the catcher’s glove), lineups loaded with power hitters, introduction of balk rules and more. However, some statisticians like to believe that current-generation pitching techniques have been a major cause to a decrease in stolen bases.

In the past couple years, the MLB has seen some incredible pitching. In the early 1990’s, very few pitchers were able to break triple-digit MPH on their fastballs. According to Statcast, in the 2015 season, 627 pitches were thrown 100 MPH or over. With phenomes such as Noah Syndergaard keeping a consistent 97-102 fastball range, and Aroldis Chapman throwing a whopping 106 MPH, the league now has to deal with a shorter pop-times. In 2015, 31 different pitchers threw over 100 MPH.  Ever since the 90’s, the league gains a few more flame-throwers every few years. For instance, in 2008, 4.1 percent of all pitches were thrown 95 MPH or over. By 2015, more than 13 percent did.

The league has gotten used to this. The days of Rickey Henderson are just tales told to children, just like my dad told me. Instead of triple-digit stolen bases and hit-and-run after hit-and-run, we see infield shifts and insanely fast heaters. Yes, the game is slower, but the league is filled with phenome pitchers and super sluggers. While style and tactics have changed, it’s still America’s pastime.

RR 4

In chapter 5, Briggs discusses the importance of visual storytelling with photographs. Sometimes pictures can replace words if used correctly. Pictures can be used to give the viewer or reader a different perspective of the story. Pictures are able to capture emotions, action, and scenes that can be visually interpreted

Briggs also discusses the correct usage of a camera when shooting, and explained how important it is to understand the functions of a camera and proper usage. Comprehending the fundamentals and being comfortable shooting should be your main goal when beginning to shoot. Multiple factors should be considered when taking a photo, the first being the type of lighting you are using; natural light (ambient), with a flash as the primary light source, or a mixture of flash and ambient light. Correct usage of lighting is essential in the completion of a perfect photo. Photography is a critical tool for journalists.

RR 3

In today’s time and age, people like to live in the moment and expect to be able to access everything with the touch of a finger. The transition from paper news to almost entirely digital outlets is the perfect example of the time that we have transitioned into. Most newspapers today have at least one digital outlet to their print counterpart. The increase of digital media that is being consumed rather than print is what Filak is telling readers to adapt to in order to succeed in writing. Digital and print writing are both very different fields, and both require different styles in order to be deemed as a professional work.

Filak mentions that blogging is one of the most influential and widely diverse outlets when speaking of digital writing. Blogging is the perfect example of how media is seen today. While print tends to be detailed and extensive, blog posts tend to be biased, personal, and short form. No matter the form of a writing, writers must adapt to capture their audience.

RR 2

Public relations can be tough gig, but it plays a key role in every business. Filak discusses the importance of PR and how the ultimate outcome of their jobs influence which certain views that the general public has on the company or a product.

PR specialist are responsible for relaying information to the public that projects a positive image of the company or a product to the public. How the public views the company and how well they respond to a product is all PR’s responsibility. Without good PR, a company’s sales and reputation would be obsolete. Journalist are responsible to provide their accurate views to the general public.

Filak elaborates the importance of invoking a response of the audience in this chapter. A press release without a true message of significance is a failure, and it would not receive any feedback from the audience, or even get their attention.